Kangra is a town in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh state in northern India, and lends its name to the district of the same name. Kangra was called Nagarkot in ancient history. It is a town at the confluence of the Bener River and Majhi River. Dharamshala city, Headquarter of the District is also a tourist spot and is now home-in-exile to the Tibetan Guru Dalai Lama. Many ancient temples like the JAWALAJI Temple, BRIJESHWARI temple, CHAMUNDA temple, BABA BAROH and BAIJNATH temple are located here. Kangra fort is also a popular tourist attraction.
Despite all the divinity, vagaries of nature can cause disaster of such magnitude and such intensity that it becomes impossible to respond unless there is preparedness to cope with the effect in the pre-as well as post-disaster period. Preparedness is the best response to such situation in order to mitigate the effects and to reduce losses in terms of life and property. With increasing anthropogenic pressures, natural disaster have become all the more unpredictable and the fury unleashed by natural forces on human kind all the more ferocious causing far greater loss of life and property.
In 1905, District Kangra experienced one of the major earthquakes of the recorded seismic history of India having a magnitude of 8.0 on Richter scale in which approx. 20,000 persons lost their lives. The towns of Kangra and Dharamshala were razed to the ground and no Government functionary remained even to report the mishap to the higher authorities. While there is no doubt that human kind has now got to evolve and change its approach by restoring ecological balance, it is also true that human kind has got to be prepared for the worst. Increasing population densities, environmental degradation, and climate change meeting with vulnerability make the impacts of natural or human induced hazards worse
Administrative Setup as per district abstract (2015-2016)
No. of Sub Divisions
The aim of the District Disaster Management Plan (DDMP) is to guide all stakeholders in taking action to prevent damage to or loss of life, property and environment through prevention, preparedness, mitigation and quick and coordinated response to save all lives.
To provide a multi disaster action plan to administration and other institutes with predefined set up consisting specific roles and responsibilities of primary and supportive agencies as well as communities of the district.
On 23rd December, 2005, the Government of India took a defining step by enacting the Disaster Management Act, 2005, which envisaged creation of Authorities at all three levels as below:
In Section 31. (1) There shall be a plan for disaster management for every district of the State and Section 31. (2) The District Plan shall be prepared by the District Authority, after consultation with the local authorities and having regard to the National Plan and the State Plan, to be approved by the State Authority. As per “Section 25” the Constitution of District Disaster Management Authority was done on 01.06.2007. And as per “Section 30, Sub Section 02, (i) ”The District Authority may prepare a disaster management plan including district response plan for the district and according to (xv) it may prepare, review and update district level response plan and guidelines.